Prof.(Dr.) Mahendra Pal Singh popularly known as M.P. Singh, is a renowned constitutional law scholar of India. Within the framework of Indian Constitution, Prof Singh has argued for a distinction between distributive justice and compensatory justice, emphasising upon the importance of the latter in battling the age old hierarchies within Indian society.
His work on reservation for backward classes and minorities has led to him to conclude that the fundamental rights mentioned in the Constitution should be interpreted in an Indian context, which means that a betterment of the society has to be brought about in terms of understanding and improving the Indian ways of life, rather than attempting their surgical replacement.
Professor Singh has been a fellow and visiting professor at several institutions and universities of international repute. In 1994, he was appointed as the Dean of the Faculty of Law, and Head of the Department of Law, University of Delhi, positions that he retained till 1997. In 1980–1982 and again in 1985 he was Alexander Von Humboldt at the University of Heidelberg.
In 1999–2000 and 2001 he was fellow at the Max Planck institute of comparative international law and public law, Heidelberg. He was a visiting professor at the University of Hong Kong and the City of Hong Kong in 1993, 1994, 1995, 1998, 2000 and 2005, Kansai University, Osaka in 2002,National University of Singapore in 2005 and Jwaharlal Nehru University, New Delhi in 2006. In 2002–03 he was fellow at the Institute of advanced study, berlin and in 2004, at the Indian institute of Science, Bangalore. In 2008, Renmin University of China, Beijing honoured him as visiting professor for three years. His publications include over one hundred papers in different legal journals and edited works and ten books including German Administrative Law in Common Law Perspective, Freedom of Trade and Commerce in India, Comparative Constitutional Law, Legal Dimensions of Market Economy and Human Rights and Basic Needs
Currently, he is the chancellor of Central University, Haryana. He started his career as a lecturer in law at the University of Meerut, but later moved to the Faculty of Law, Delhi University. He also served as the Director of the Indian Law Institute. From December 2006 to December 2011, he was the Vice-Chancellor of West Bengal National University of Juridicial sciences.. He was also the Editor-in-Chief of the NUJS Law Review, which is a quarterly publication of that university .He was previously appointed as the Chairperson of the Delhi Judicial Academy.